Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Six Degrees of Freedom

 

Click here to see all seven videos.


Six Degrees of Freedom is a program that generates symmetrical patterns from perspective renderings of overlapping and rotating polyhedra. These wireframe forms, built and animated with code, endlessly rotate in shared digital space.

Six Degrees of Freedom was exhibited at the gallery, Chambers @ 916, November and December, 2012.

Thursday, March 15, 2012

Pentagonal Orthobirotunda Pattern

Girih patterns are decorative Islamic designs in which star shapes and polygons are connected with interlacing straight lines. Girih (Persian for “knot”) can be painstakingly created with a straightedge and compass. About nine hundred years ago Islamic architects developed an ingenious method for generating girih patterns simply with tiles. The girih tiles are five decorated polygons used to create girih patterns systematically without the need for complex drafting. We can extend the girih system into three dimensions by applying the concept to the faces of polyhedra.

Here are twelve pentagonal orthobirotundi, with girih patterns.


video

Thursday, February 9, 2012

Girih Icosidodecahedron and Pentagonal Orthobirotunda

These two girih polyhedra are a 32-faced icosidodecahedron and the related pentagonal orthobirotunda. They each include 12 pentagon and 20 triangle faces. The pentagons are decorated with the girih tile pattern. A similar pattern continues across the equilateral triangles.

Icosidodecahedron Wireframe Girih Pattern

Icosidodecahedron with Girih Pattern

Icosidodecahedron

Pentagonal Orthobirotunda Wireframe Girih Pattern

Pentagonal Orthobirotunda with Girih Pattern

Pentagonal Orthobirotunda

Monday, February 6, 2012

Chalice: Concave Girih Polyhedra with Decagons and Pentagons

These girih polyhedra have 32 faces. They include 2 decagon and 10 pentagon faces, as well as triangles. The decagon and pentagon are decorated with the girih tile pattern. A similar pattern continues across the triangles. The triangles are equilateral.

These polyhedra are related to an icosidodecahedron and pentagonal orthobirotunda. You can split an icosidodecahedron in half (making two pentagonal rotunda) and reattached the halves at pentagons to create the chalice.

Chalice Wireframe Girih Pattern

Saturday, February 4, 2012

Girih Polyhedra with Decagons and Elongated Hexagons

These girih polyhedra have 32 faces. They're related to the quasiregular polyhedron, the icosidodecahedron. They include 2 decagon and 10 elongated hexagon faces, as well as triangles. The decagon and elongated hexagon are decorated with the girih tile pattern. A similar pattern continues across the triangles.

 32 Faces with Girih Pattern

32 faces

 32 Faces with Wireframe Girih Pattern

Saturday, January 21, 2012

Girih Polyhedra with Bow Tie Hexagon

These girih polyhedra are heptakaidecahedrons, but they include bow tie concave hexagons where my first version had elongated hexagons, and the second version had rhombi. The pentagon and elongated hexagon are decorated with the girih tile pattern. A similar pattern continues across the triangles.

 Heptakaidecahedron with Girih Pattern

 Heptakaidecahedron

 Heptakaidecahedron Wireframe Girih Pattern

Thursday, January 19, 2012

Girih Polyhedra with Rhombus

These girih polyhedra are heptakaidecahedrons, but they include rhombi where my first version had elongated hexagons. The pentagon and rhombus are decorated with the girih tile pattern. A similar pattern continues across the triangles.

Heptakaidecahedron with Girih Pattern

Heptakaidecahedron

Heptakaidecahedron Wireframe Girih Pattern

Wednesday, January 18, 2012

Girih Polyhedra Pattern

This pattern is from twenty heptakaidecahedrons decorated with girih tile strapwork, and aligned side-by-side. The heptakaidecahedron is a seventeen sided, geometric solid with two girih tile pentagonal faces, five girih tile elongated hexagon faces, and ten isosceles triangles. In this pattern, the three dimensional solids are in five rows of four each heptakaidecahedrons with each alternating row rotated by 180 degrees, and viewed in perspective.

These are the same heptakaidecahedrons at a different scale, and rotating.

Saturday, January 14, 2012

Girih Polyhedra

These images are stills from an animation of rotating girih polyhedra. The two polyhedra shown here are a dodecahedron and a heptakaidecahedron. Both of these include faces that are from the girih tile set. The heptakaidecahedron is a seventeen sided geometric solid with two girih tile pentagonal faces, five girih tile elongated hexagon faces, and ten isosceles triangles. The triangles are not original girih tiles. The dodecahedron is a platonic solid, with twelve sides of regular pentagons. The girih tile faces can be decorated with girih lines to create a three dimensional girih pattern.

In one important sense applying girih patterns to polyhedra defeats the purpose of the girih pattern system. That is, girih tiles are designed so that the interior decoration lines continue across boundaries, tangentially. When the lines cross boundaries that are not in the same plane, the continuity is interrupted.

Dodecahedron with Girih Pattern

Dodecahedron

Dodecahedron Wireframe Girih Pattern

Heptakaidecahedron with Girih Pattern

Heptakaidecahedron

Heptakaidecahedron Wireframe Girih Pattern